While investigating, researching, and studying ancient Aethiopia/Negritia/Negroland in Africa, my journey directed me to the Akamu tribe. The Akwamu tribe of Ghana, located in West Africa, is one of the prominent tribes of the Akan culture. I lived in Akwamufie to learn about them, their history, culture, and the Akwamu participation in the West African slave trade.
Before I properly identify the Akwamu tribe in contrast to Black Americans, there are some important facts that must be brought forth because all facts are valid and must be considered if the truth about the Akwamu in contrast to Black Americans is to be properly conveyed.
Many Black Americans, in an attempt to find a cultural identity, have targeted the Akan culture. There are many Black Americans that now identify with Akan culture or tribes and have even taken on Akan names. Some Black Americans have expatriated to countries in Africa, but Ghana harbors one of the largest populations of Black American expatriates in Africa.
After 1957, when Ghana gained its independence, many Black American activists and intellectuals popularized Ghana and the Akan culture amongst Black Americans. Kwame Nkrumah used the event as a false symbol of triumph and hope for Black Americans in order to gain Western support for his political endeavors. To this day, the independence of Ghana has not benefitted Black Americans in America, and nothing of what Kwame Nkrumah promised or proposed has ever been set in place.
In 1733, there was a slave insurrection at St. John in the Danish West Indies. It was reported that 150 Akwamu slaves revolted and took control of the fort at Coral Bay. From there they took control of most of the island. The Akwamu slaves had planned to take over the plantations and use African slaves from other tribes as slave labor. They were defeated by better armed French and Swiss troops in May of 1734. The Akwamu slaves were sold as slaves after being captured by other tribes that were at war with the Akwamu. In Akan culture, they did not sell slaves of their own tribe unless a person was banished, or a member of another tribe or culture.
A book titled “The Slave Ship Fredensborg” by Leif Svalesen details many facts about the Akwamu tribe’s role and participation in the West African slave trade.
Keeping these things in mind, let’s move forward.
- It is a fact that all of the Black slaves from Africa sent to the West were not of the same tribe or culture.
- It is a fact that all of the Black slaves from Africa sent to the West were not captured in the same places or at the same times.
- It is a fact that the culture of the Akwamu tribe is known as Akan culture.
- It is a fact that the Akwamu tribe sold Black or African slaves from various tribes in Africa to Europeans.
- It is a fact that the Akwamu leased the slave castles and dungeons to European slave traders.
- It is a fact that any Akwamu people that were sold as slaves were not sold as slaves by the Akwamu.
- It is a fact that the Akwamu had many enemies and were at war with most of their neighboring tribes and cultures because they were corrupt, violent, and disrespectful.
- It is a fact that the Akwamu knew how to distinguish the difference between people of various tribes and cultures in Africa in order to identify them as friend or foe.
Most Black Americans are not aware of these facts, as none of these facts are part of any of the Black American narratives for the Akan culture and the Akwamu tribe. Many Black Americans have chosen to identify with the very culture that sold some of their ancestors as slaves to Europeans. This can be likened to the Jews turning to Nazis for cultural identity. No, I am not saying that Black Americans are Jews or that the Akan are Nazis. I am merely using that analogy to illustrate my point.
Given the facts, the history of the Akwamu’s interaction with the ancestors of Black Americans does not support any claim that the Akan culture (the culture of the Akwamu) is the culture or heritage of all or most Black Americans because the Akwamu did not sell their own people into slavery. The people that the Akwamu sold into slavery were captured during wars with other tribes and cultures. The truth about the Akwamu tribe of Akwamufie, Ghana (their tribal seat) is that they do not identify with Black Americans. Black Americans will never be able to be equal to or greater than any Akwamu person within the Akan culture.
These facts show:
- When Black Americans take on Akan names, they take on the names used by a people that sold some of their ancestors into slavery.
- When Black Americans proselytize Akan culture, they are upholding the same culture that sold some of their ancestors into slavery.
- When Black Americans proselytize Akan culture, they are upholding the same culture that was at war with some of their ancestors and played a major role in the conditions that led to the Black American loss of cultural identities, names, and heritage.
The Akwamu tribe and Akan culture committed some of the most horrific crimes perpetrated against any people. What the Europeans and cultures of the West did to and with Black slaves pales in comparison to the atrocities at the hands of the Akwamu tribe and the Akan culture. In fact, to this day, the Akwamu tribe has never formally settled or ceased the war waged against the cultures of the people they were at war with.
I know that there are people that will disagree with what the facts show, but they will not be able to refute the facts. Nobody can disprove the truth. The facts contradict and invalidate any claims that the Akwamu tribe and Akan culture are part of the true heritage for most Black Americans that have ancestors that were subject to the Western slave trade. Anyone that claims otherwise is a liar.
NOTE: Contrary to popular belief, it impossible to trace a place or location in your genes. A DNA analysis is biological, not geographical. So, an ancestry DNA analysis does not mean that a person is “Ghanaian.” Ghana became a country in 1957 and houses different cultures, tribes, and bloodlines. To Black Americans: Know that identifying a person’s cultural identity or heritage does not involve picking or choosing any tribe or culture in Africa and calling it yours simply because they are “Black” or “African.” There is no particular/single/unified tribe or culture called “African” specifically. Read this: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1275617
It is also a fact that the Akamu have killed several Black Americans. View this:
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